Lack of Education
Being poor, indigent and under-privileged can adversely affect their education(Daniel 1:18-20; 9:2)
Education in rural Nigeria is characterized with very poor infrastructure, insufficient academic staff, insecurity, and non-payment of academic staff among others. It is common knowledge that majority of the population in developing countries like Nigeria live in rural areas. Nigeriais predominantly a rural society as the vast majority of her population live in rural area. Generally, rural areas in Nigeria are incessantly neglected by the government when it comes to development of any form, educational development inclusive.
Despite the fact that rural dwellers in Nigeria are usually not recognized on government development activities, the nation’s wealth is derived from rural areas across the country. Crude oil, limestone, coal among other resources possessed by the country are hugely deposited in rural areas. The under development in Nigeria as a country has been linked to lack of development in the rural areas. A view states that no serious, active, conscious, sensitive, and organized government would want to neglect rural communities.
Lack of development has a positive correlation with the neglect of rural areas. Rural neglects brings negative consequences such as exodus of rural dwellers to urban areas, with resulting problems of unemployment, crimes, prostitution, child labour, insecurity, money laundering, bribery, poverty, proliferation of shanty living areas, spread of diseases, and overstretching of the facilities and infrastructures in the urban areas.
Statistics from rural areas in various geo-political zones of the country, the sight of education facilities in rural areas of Nigeria is disheartening, particularly in the 21 st century. From broken classroom walls, to opened roofs, damaged chalk board, over population and lack of sufficient chairs and tables in classes, bushy environment that houses reptiles to mention a few, the educational plight in rural Nigeria calls for immediate “unpolitical” attention. Having visited some rural schools, the current situation tends to endanger the nation’s future if not revived. In one of the instance, pupils have been learning under a shade for many years before the local government authority managed to erect a single building for all classes. This is one of others been faced by critical challenges.
Education is to a nation what the mind is to the body, just as a diseased mind is handicapped in the coordination and direction of the bodily activities. Therefore, the single most significant complex of social – control tools for national development is found in the educational system. Since majority of the population still live in rural areas, education which is believed to be the bedrock of any serious nation’s development should be experience serious development in rural areas, hence it is expected of Nigeria’s government and relevant stakeholders to take the issues of education in rural areas seriously. Challenges confronting rural education in Nigeria include:
Poverty Is the biggest enemy of education on every level. Poor students fall victim to health issues and lifestyle that hinder their ability to study or learn.
Education can help in eradication of poverty, those in poverty can only be benefit from education. Right education can lift people from poverty and can also improve their health issues, financial crisis, it can change their lives. It is the fact that poverty is both cause and effect of lack of access to education.
Lack of education causes many issues such as:
- Poor health or nutrition deficiency is seen among people due to illiteracy.
- Lack of education causes gender inequality.
- lack of skilled labor and less productivity is seen.
- Lack of opportunity as people are ignorant. Hence lifestyle is low.
These are some problems faced by the poors, as their common characterstics include - Nutritional deficiency, low standard of living, large size of family, unemployment.
“Education is not a way to escape poverty,it is a way to fight it” - J. Nyerere